Friday, February 20, 2015

A Little Information about Uganda

So, you know from where I am writing, but you may not know from where I am writing.

Location: SubSaharan Africa on the equator on the northern shore of Lake Victoria.  Bordered by Kenya, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and South Sudan.  It lies within the African Great Lakes Region and is within the Nile Basin (the headwaters).

Size: About the size of the State of Oregon or Great Britain, twice the size of Pennsylvania.

Population: 37 million, about 3 times larger than Pennsylvania.

Capital: Kampala, population about 1.7 million.  This is several hundred thousand people larger than Philadelphia.  However, that includes the entire metropolitan area, whereas Greater Philadelphia's population is about 6.5 million.

Languages: English is the official language of what is now Uganda, as the area was colonized by Great Britain.  Luganda is the most commonly spoken language in the Kampala area.  I am told that all Ugandans speak a native language.  There are about 33 major ones.

Religions: 85% Christian (half Catholic/half Protestant); 11% Islam; also some Hindu and Judaism; also traditional animist faiths.

Government: dominant party semi-presidential republic; legislature is parliamentary.

Head of State:  President Yoweri Musevini (since 1986).

National Flag: Two sets of black, yellow, and red horizontal stripes, with a white central circle around the national bird, the grey crowned crane.

GDP: US$16 billion per annum, about the size of Vermont.  Per capita US$1354.

Currency: Ugandan shilling - 2800 shillings = US$1

Major Exports: coffee, fish, tea, tobacco

Mineral Resources: copper, cobalt, limestone, salt, gold, oil

Other crops: bananas, maize, mellit, sorghum, cotton, rice groundnuts, potatoes.

Literacy Rate: approximately 67%

Regional Relations: Uganda is a member of the East African Community (EAC) that includes Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi.  The nations are in the process of setting up a European Union style of government and banking, including common currency.  Since 2010 the nations have had a Common Market.  They are currently moving towards an East African Federation that will create a regional economic and political bloc.

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